Vardavas, Constantine I; Girvalaki, Charis; Odani, Satomi; Nikitara, Katerina; de Vries, Irma; van Riel, Antoinette; van Sommeren-de Potter, Iris; Nordmark Grass, Johanna; Grassi, Maria Caterina; Deim, Szilvia; Balázs, Andrea; Fosztó, Szabolcs; Schiel, Helmut; Arif, Tara; Eronen, Anna-Kaisa; Alonso, Antonio Alonso; Conejo Menor, José Luis; Martinez Arrieta, Rosa; Babić, Željka; Truk, Rajka; Vardavas, Alexander I; Tsatsakis, Aristidis (2020): Profile of incidental exposures to e-cigarette liquids in Europe, 2018–2019. Human & Experimental Toxicology (Dec.20). doi.org/10.1177/0960327120975828.

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Following the implementation of the European Union Tobacco Product Directive (EU TPD) regulations on e-cigarette products in 2016, we assessed the current profile of e-cigarette liquid exposure incidents and their associated health outcomes. *** MEHTODS: De-identified data were received from poison centers in eight EU Member States (Sweden, the Netherlands, Italy, Hungary Austria, Finland, Spain and Croatia) reporting on e-cigarette liquid exposure incidents between August 2018 to December 2019. Descriptive analysis was conducted to present incident characteristics and health outcomes. Chi-square tests and multivariable logistic regression analysis were used to test associations. *** RESULTS: Of the 223 e-liquid exposure incidents recorded by poison centers in multiple EU MS, 64.7% of the cases were unintentional exposures, ranging from 48.4% among adults aged ≥19 years to 100.0% among children aged 0–5 years (p < 0.05). The most frequent route of exposure was ingestion (73.5%) while55.2% experienced any clinical symptoms, including nausea (16.6%), vomiting (11.1%), and dizziness (9.0%). 57.8% of the cases were treated at the residence or on-site. *** CONCLUSION: Further monitoring is warranted, using uniform reporting requirements, to ensure the continued compliance to the EU TPD and assess its long-term impact on related incident characteristics.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Poisoning, e-cigarettes, e-liquid, poison centers, Europe
Subjects: FIS > Vergiftungsinformationszentrale
Date Deposited: 11 Apr 2021 16:01
Last Modified: 11 Apr 2021 16:01
URI: https://jasmin.goeg.at/id/eprint/1786