Horváth, Ilonka; Mardh, Otilia; Schwarz, Tanja (2023): Models of good practice to enhance infectious disease care cascades among people who inject drugs: a qualitative study of interventions implemented in European settings. BMC Health Services Research, 23 (1352). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-023-10412-y.

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BACKGROUND: People who inject drugs (PWID) in Europe are at an increased risk of HIV/AIDS, chronic viral hepatitis B (HBV) and C (HCV), and tuberculosis (TB). We aimed to complement the evidence base on interventions optimising their care cascade with evidence from models of good practice (MoGPs) implemented in the EU/EEA and countries from the Eastern European region. ***METHODS: A model of good practice (MoGP) was defined as (a package of ) interventions with proven effectiveness in certain settings that are likely to be replicable and sustainable in other settings or countries. Fifteen MoGPs, identified by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) and the European Monitoring Centre on Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) following a call launched in 2020, have been analysed. For the 15 MoGPs, a qualitative content analysis was conducted of (i) intervention characteristics and (ii) enabling factors. Information was extracted and summarised for community-based testing, linkage to care and adherence to treatment. ***RESULTS: MoGPs emerged from projects implemented in Belarus, Norway, Portugal, the Republic of Moldova, Spain, and the UK alongside the multi-country HepCare project (Ireland, Romania, Spain, the UK) targeting either HCV (6/15) or HIV/AIDS (4/15), alone or combined with HBV, and/or TB (5/15). All MoGPs used packages of interventions, with decentralisation of services (15/15), cooperation among service providers (14/15), integrated services (10/15), peer interventions (12/15), and case management (4/15) reported across all stages of the care cascade. The synthesis of enablers shows that when replicating interventions in other settings, consideration should be given to national (legal) frameworks, characteristics of and proximity between healthcare and service providers, and establishing relations of trust with PWID.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: OEBIG > Kompetenzzentrum Klima und Gesundheit
Date Deposited: 05 Dec 2023 06:24
Last Modified: 05 Dec 2023 06:24
URI: https://jasmin.goeg.at/id/eprint/3098