Bhatt, Jem; Brohan, Elaine; Oliviera, Déborah; Bakolis, Ioannis; Comas-Herrera, Adelina; D`Amico, Francesco; Farina, Nicolas; Knapp, Martin; Stevens, Madeleine; Thornicroft, Graham; Wilson, Emma; Salcher-Konrad, Maximilian; Evans-Lacko, Sara (2023): The development and validation of the Discrimination and Stigma Scale Ultra Short for People Living with Dementia (DISCUS-Dementia). BJ Psych Open, 9 (5). E164.

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BACKGROUND: The recent World Health Organization (WHO) blueprint for dementia research and Lancet Commission on ending stigma and discrimination in mental health has identified a gap around dementia-related measures of stigma and discrimination that can be used in different cultural, language and regional contexts. ***Aims. We aimed to characterise experiences of discrimination, and report initial psychometric properties of a new tool to capture these experiences, among a global sample of people living with dementia. ***METHOD: We analysed data from 704 people living with dementia who took part in a global survey from 33 different countries and territories. Psychometric properties were examined, including internal consistency and construct validity. ***RESULTS: A total of 83% of participants reported discrimination in one or more areas of life, and this was similar across WHO Regions. The exploratory factor analysis factor loadings and scree plot supported a unidimensional structure for the Discrimination and Stigma Scale Ultra Short for People Living with Dementia (DISCUS-Dementia). The instrument demonstrated excellent internal consistency, with most of the construct validity hypotheses being confirmed and qualitative responses demonstrating face validity. ***CONCLUSIONS: Our analyses suggest that the DISCUS-Dementia performs well with a global sample of people living with dementia. This scale can be integrated into large-scale studies to understand factors associated with stigma and discrimination. It can also provide an opportunity for a structured discussion around stigma and discrimination experiences important to people living with dementia, as well as planning psychosocial services and initiatives to reduce stigma and discrimination.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: OEBIG > Pharmaoekonomie
Date Deposited: 04 Sep 2023 11:00
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2023 11:00